North-Eastern TSC Merit List; July 2022
Pastoralism is the most common source of income in Kenya’s North Eastern Province (NEP).
It is only supplemented by a small amount of agriculture along the rivers.
Chronic poverty and food insecurity, low human capital and poor health standards, high vulnerability to climate change, poor infrastructure, insecurity, and low crop and livestock productivity are among the developmental challenges confronting the province.
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- North-Eastern TSC Merit List; July 2022
The North Eastern Province (NEP) is one of Kenya’s eight administrative provinces and is located in the country’s arid communal rangeland.
The province spans 126,902 square kilometers and is divided into four administrative districts: Garissa, Ijara, Wajir, and Mandera.
The provincial capital is Garissa.
The province is bounded to the west by the Eastern Province, to the south by the Coast Province, to the north by Ethiopia, and to the east by Somalia.
Pastoralism is the province’s dominant source of income, with a small amount of agriculture along the rivers supplementing it.
The majority of pastoralists are nomadic, moving with their livestock in search of water and pasture.
Cattle, goats, sheep, and camels are examples of commonly reared livestock.
NEP is one of Kenya’s poorest provinces.
A comparison of provincial statistics for most social and economic indicators with national figures reveals that the province is disadvantaged in many ways.
Because livestock keeping is the most common economic activity, the majority of livestock keepers are poor.
More than half of the rural population in all administrative areas of the province lives in poverty.
Furthermore, according to some estimates, roughly one-third of the population is unemployed.
NEP had a population of about 1.2 million people in 2003. Its intercensal growth rate was the highest in the country between 1989 and 1999, at 9.5 percent, compared to Kenya’s average of 2.9 percent (CBS, 2001).
Due to the harsh climatic conditions, agricultural, particularly crop, production in the province is severely limited (GoK 1997; GoK 2002a; GoK 2002b; GoK 2002c).
This implies that the province is vulnerable to food insecurity because food supply growth lags behind food demand growth.