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COAST TSC MERIT LIST: JULY 2022

COAST TSC MERIT LIST: JULY 2022

Kenya’s Coast Province (Swahili: Mkoa wa Pwani) was one of the country’s eight provinces, located along the Indian Ocean.

It consists of the Indian Ocean coastal strip, with Mombasa as the capital city, and was inhabited by the Mijikenda and Swahili, among others.

The province had a land area of 79,686.1 km2 and a population of 3,325,307 in 2009.

Other significant coastal towns include Diani in the south and Kilifi, Malindi, Watamu, and Lamu in the north. Kiongwe and Kipini are resort and beach settlements that house a portion of the coastal population.

Diani Beach is now a tourist destination, with palm trees and white sandy beaches similar to Mombasa.

Malindi is where Vasco da Gama picked up his pilot to navigate the monsoon winds to India; Mambrui appears to be the site of contact with the Chinese during the Yongle Emperor’s and Zheng He’s expeditions.

Watamu is a small fishing village and the site of East Africa’s first Marine National Park.

Mwandimu and Magunda are settlements in the province’s south.

Kenya’s Coast Province (Swahili: Mkoa wa Pwani) was one of the country’s eight provinces, located along the Indian Ocean.

It consists of the Indian Ocean coastal strip, with Mombasa as the capital city, and was inhabited by the Mijikenda and Swahili, among others.

According to the KNBS report, the province had a total area of 79,686.1 km2 and a population of 4,329,674 in 2019.

Following the implementation of CoK 2010, which brought a devolved system of governance, the Province was replaced by Region in 2010.

Mombasa, Kwale, Kilifi, Tana River, Lamu, and Taita-Taveta are the region’s six counties.

The Coast Province includes Kenya’s Indian Ocean coast and is home to the Mijikenda, Swahili, and Arab peoples.

Following 200 years of rule, the coastal region fell under the rule of Omani Arabs based in Zanzibar, who expelled Portuguese colonists in the late 18th century.

In 1888, the Sultan of Zanzibar agreed to lease to the Imperial British East Africa Company the coastal region of modern Kenya (then known as “al-Zanj”).


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A treaty signed in 1895 between Britain and the Sultan placed the region under formal British protection, with residents remaining subjects of the Sultan rather than the British crown, as in the Kenya colony.

This is the main reason for the MRC’s legal challenges to its incorporation into post-independence Kenya.

COAST TSC MERIT LIST: JULY 2022

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