Girls More Likely to Drop Out of School at Age 17 – KNBS Report
The latest study from the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics indicates that school-aged girls are likely to drop out of school at 17.
The data indicates that the dropout rate for girls is 6.5%, compared to 5.9% for boys of the same age.
The age of dropout falls as age decreases.
The high dropout rates among girls, particularly in elementary schools, have been attributed to adolescent pregnancy, early marriage, peer pressure, repetition, and child labor.
A 2018 ActionAid study found that school environment, religion, the economic strength of families, insecurity, and broken families contributed to high dropout rates among females in Baringo, West Pokot, Migori, Garissa counties, Kajiado, Embu, Taita Taifa, and Isiolo.
A second study by the University of Nairobi and published in the London Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Sciences indicated that when a family’s financial means are limited, their chances of investing in education become extremely difficult.
“Because of financial constraints, there is dictation on who should be educated, and in most cases, boys are preferred to girls,” the study findings say.
As a result of girls falling out of school, teenage pregnancies and early marriage are still frequent problems in Kenya.
In rural places, especially among tribes with maintained customs, the problem is rife.
“Inadequate physical facilities for girls in Asals and rural areas have negatively impacted learners’ achievement,” it says.
Similarly, school environment factors, including physical facilities, instructional materials, and teachers’ attitudes, contribute to girls’ school dropout.
High child labor in urban areas
According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, more children are subject to child labor in urban regions than in rural areas.
According to a report on the Women and Men in Kenya 2022 data, working children in 2019 were between the ages of five and seventeen.
Most working children between the ages of five and nine reside in metropolitan areas, with males most exploited.
“Girls of five to nine years working in rural areas constitute 48 per cent while those in urban areas are 50 per cent. Boys in that age bracket constitute 52 per cent in rural areas and 50 per cent in urban,” they found.
45 percent of females aged 10 to 14 worked in rural regions, whereas 45 percent worked in urban areas.
55% of boys in this age group lived in rural regions, and 55% lived in urban areas.
In metropolitan regions, 54 percent of 15- to 17-year-old girls were employed, whereas, in rural areas, only 44 percent were.
Boys in this age range comprised 46% of the urban population and 56% of the rural population.