Decline in Textbooks Supply by Govt Hit Schools
Secondary school students, teachers, and principals have reported an insufficient supply of textbooks by the government for core subjects.
According to secondary school students, teachers, and principals, the govt does not provide enough textbooks for core subjects.
The study results are published in the Kenya National Examinations Council’s (Knec) Monitoring Learner Achievement Form 2 Midline Survey.
The study aimed to determine achievement levels in Biology, Physics, Chemistry, English, Mathematics, and Kiswahili among secondary school students in 110 sub-counties of 30 selected counties participating in the six-year Secondary Education Improvement Project (Seqip).
In all schools, students, teachers, and administrators reported different levels of progress in the government’s effort to have one textbook for every tested subject.
In terms of access to Chemistry textbooks, for example, students stated that 72.8% had their own books, whereas teachers and principals placed the ratio at 78.1% and 88.7%, respectively.
72.3 percent of pupils claimed they had their own textbooks in English or Kiswahili, while 87.1 percent of teachers and 89.9 percent of principals said the same.
In Mathematics, students reported 65.4% access to textbooks, while teachers and principals indicated 83.4% and 88.7%, respectively.
Similarly, 62.7% of students, 77.5% of teachers, and 90.2% of principals exhibited a similar pattern in Physics.
According to the study, not meeting the target number of textbooks per student may be linked to increased enrollment of students, and having access to textbooks was linked to better performance.
The survey showed that the government’s plan to provide textbooks for all required subjects had made much progress.
The Knec study examined student achievement characteristics, including enrollment, student age, and absence.
It was determined that there was an overall improvement in enrollment for both genders, but the percentage of males transitioning to Form 2 was 52.1%, and the percentage of girls was 47.9%.
Increased enrollment is attributable to the government’s transition policy of 100 percent.
The survey discovered that 57.6% of boys in Form Two are overage, compared to 37.8% of girls.
Msambweni Sub-county in Kwale had one hundred percent of boys in Form 2 over the age of 18, whereas Merti in Isiolo and Balambala in Garissa had one hundred percent of girls in the same class over the age of 18.
“Overage affects a student’s achievement negatively,” says the report, calling for enforcement of school entry age guidelines by the Ministry of Education to spur compliance by communities and parents.
Other regions with a high number of overage Form 2 male students are Teso South (96.3%), Magarini (94.5%), Lungalunga, Kaloleni, Loitoktok, and Laikipia North (90-93.4%).
Magarini and Lungalunga, with 87.5% and 84.8% of overage female students, have the highest rates of overage female pupils.
The survey also indicates that Form 2 had the greatest student dropout rate, with females making up the majority.
According to the survey, the reasons offered by principals for girls dropping out of school included pregnancy, which accounted for 54 percent of the dropouts, early marriage (26.6 percent), and financial issues (28.9 percent).
Low academic achievement was cited as contributing to 13 percent of female dropouts.